Gary Genard's

Speak for Success!

"Be a voice not an echo." - Albert Einstein

Bravo! — How to End a Speech Vividly and Memorably

How to hook an audience, and how to end a speech vividly and memorably.

Do you know how to hook an audience, then conclude powerfully every time you speak? Here's how to end a speech vividly and memorably.

Great public speakers know they have to begin and end their speeches strongly. That's because of two concepts concerned with an audience's engagement and attentiveness.

Primacy states that audiences will remember most vividly what they experience at the start of a talk. And recency says that they'll also remember what's said at the end. In terms of public speaking, that means your introduction and conclusion.

Want to command attention as a speaker? Learn how to stay in "The Zone" for maximum presence. Get my free cheat sheet"10 Ways to Stay Fully Focused when Speaking."

Engaging Listeners in Your Opening and Closing

Speakers throughout history have understood the importance of a strong beginning and ending. Even today, the smart presenter spends the time and attention necessary to craft a "hook" or "grabber" that immediately and powerfully gets an audience onboard.

Some types of openings are guaranteed to get an audience on your wavelength right away. I call them "grabbers." They are actually rhetorical devices designed for speeches, presentations, pitches, lectures, and all examples of public speaking. Here are a dozen of these effective opening gambits:

  • Question
  • Story
  • Quotation
  • Visual
  • Statistic
  • Startling statement
  • Personal anecdote or experience
  • Humor
  • Expert opinion
  • Sound effect
  • Model or demonstration
  • Testimony or success story

How to create a strong conclusion for a business speech.

How to Create a Strong Conclusion to Your Speech

Let's say you've taken that advice in the paragraphs above, and you've  launched your speech powerfully using one of these approaches. You've also managed to keep everyone's attention  as you developed your message. Now you're ready for the other critically important segment of your presentation: your conclusion.

Remember, recency states that listeners will likely retain the last thing you say. So you don't want to end weakly, with a presentation that falls to earth like a leaking balloon. "Quit while you're ahead," and "Always leave 'em laughing," are two well-known sayings that embody the principle that a speech should end as strongly as it begins.

Now, think about the conclusions to all the speeches and presentations you've listened to over the past year. How many of them were memorable? How many of them even had a conclusion?

One of the most common public speaking shortcomings, in fact, is the lack of a memorable closing that drives home your message. For audience members, this can feel like being on the receiving end of a shaggy dog story. Or to put it another way: a speech without a conclusion leaves listeners hungry for a last satisfying mouthful.

Why would you want to leave your audience without dessert?

Just as you grabbed listeners' attention at the start of your speech, you must ensure that your conclusion is memorable. It should also vividly re-focus listeners on your core message.

Want to raise the bar on your next talk? Get the 2nd expanded edition of the PUBLIC SPEAKING HANDBOOK, How to Give a Speech. Discover 101 tips to speak with charisma!

As with your introduction, a solid conclusion takes thought, and sometimes a dash of creativity. But here's some good news: The same list of a dozen springboard devices I mentioned above as openers, can be used to conclude your speech. After all, the goal is the same: to be dramatic, provocative, or engaging enough so your message is "sticky."

And along with those devices, here is a "Triple-T" of powerful clinchers that can help seal the deal with audiences:

  • Thesis-Antithesis
  • Triad (any list of three)
  • Tribute

Image of great public speaker Mark Twain.

Use Expert Opinion as a Public Speaking Tool

A witticism from Oscar Wilde or Mark Twain, or a quotation from Mother Teresa or Mahatma Gandhi, can do wonders to conclude your talk. I also suggest looking outside your narrow field of expertise to find a connection that's unexpected and therefore invigorating.

As Yogi Berra said: 'It ain't over till it's over," so why not use your last opportunity to bring your message home?

Here are examples of outstanding conclusions that use my "Triple-T" of powerful clinchers:

  • John F. Kennedy, Inaugural Address: "And so, my fellow Americans: ask not what your country can do for you, ask what you can do for your country. My fellow citizens of the world: ask not what America will do for you, but what together we can do for the freedom of man." (Thesis-Antithesis)
  • Abraham Lincoln, Gettysburg Address: "It is rather for us to be here dedicated to the great task remaining before us: that from these honored dead we take increased devotion to that cause for which they gave the last full measure of devotionthat we here highly resolve that these dead shall not have died in vain--that this nation, under God, shall have a new birth of freedomand that government of the people, by the people, for the people, shall not perish from the earth. (Triad)
  • Ladybird Johnson's 1964 speech on Eleanor Roosevelt: "Let us today earnestly resolve to build the true foundation for Eleanor Roosevelt's memoryto pluck out prejudice from our lives, to remove fear and hate where it exists, and to create a world unafraid to work out its destiny in peace. Eleanor Roosevelt has already made her own splendid and incomparable contribution to that foundation. Let us go and do likewise, within the measure of our faith and the limits of our ability. Let Eleanor Roosevelt teach us all how to turn the arts of compassion into the victories of democracy. (Tribute)

And you noticed as well the triad in that last example, didn't you?

Some more of my blogs on this topic:

This blog was originally published in 2015. It is updated here.

You should follow me on Twitter here.

Dr. Gary Genard's powerful e-book, How to Start a Speech.


Tags: public speaking training,public speaking,Mark Twain quotes,Mark Twain humor,speech Conclusion,how to end a speech,rhetoric,John F. Kennedy inaugural,ending a speech,conclusion,how to start a speech,speech introduction,Abraham Lincoln,TEDx,TED,speech hooks,speech grabbers

Subscribe to Email Updates

Subscribe to the blog

Follow Gary Genard